CONFLICT MANAGEMENT AND PEACE BUILDING IN NIGERIA: FINDING THE COMMON GROUND

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CONFLICT MANAGEMENT AND PEACE BUILDING IN NIGERIA: FINDING THE COMMON GROUND

CONFLICT MANAGEMENT AND PEACE BUILDING IN NIGERIA: FINDING THE COMMON GROUND by Prof. Benjamin Chuka Osisioma

Historically, Nigeria is fraught with conflicts, some of them life-threatening, others minor and pedestrian. Conflict management requires the application of resolution techniques to regulate the level and impact of disruptive conflicts; and peace building seeks to develop constructive relationships across ethnic and national boundaries to resolve injustice and transform the structural conditions that generate deadly conflict. The challenge facing the Nigerian nation is how to make conflicts constructive rather than destructive, marginal rather than fundamental, peripheral rather than pivotal. The Nigerian government must address the root causes of conflicts in the polity - the historic wrongs and injustice that engender strife and conflicts - build a pluralist democratic state where the rights of all citizens are respected, seek to blend power with principle and reconcile authority with freedom, and put a robust Peace Infrastructure in place to play a preventive and mitigating role.